Project Koko is the longest running experiment in history. The Gorilla Foundation was founded in 1976, based on the results of a unique interspecies communication study with gorillas by founder Dr. Francine Penny Patterson. Dr. Patterson studied psychology at Stanford. Shortly, after her graduation she was introduced to a undernourished baby gorilla named Hanabi-Ko (Koko) at the San Francisco Zoo. Penny had no idea this gorilla will become her constant companion for such a long time. The main goal of Project Koko was to teach the ape to communicate, but it has evolved into much more. Through this experiment it was discovered how much gorillas are emotionally and cognitively like humans. So the focus of the Project has shifted from just research to using and applying it to benefit apes in captivity and in the wild. Koko can experience all the emotions a human being experiences. She is very critical to her drawing skills. Koko loves having kittens, she is very gentle and caring. She enjoys playing with dolls, pretends to be their mom. Koko is incredible.